What are Warts?
These are tiny lesions caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). It infects the layer on the surface of your mucous membrane or your skin. These warts are benign lesions and cannot cause you major damages on your skin. However, they are very contagious and can be transmitted from one person to another by direct physical contact. The infection can also be acquired from the wet and moist environment.
Types of Warts
A type of wart that grows on most parts of the body, particularly hands, arms, feet, and legs. They are rough to the touch and is round.
These are warts that grow under the feet. This is a bit peculiar than other warts because this type of wart grows inward due to the pressure placed because of walking and standing. If left untreated, it can become painful.
These warts normally appear on the arms, thighs, and face. This type of wart is small and could grow unnoticed because it’s flesh in color. It is called flat warts because of its flat top.
They normally grow on the neck, mouth, nose, and eyelids. They appear different from other warts because they are thin, narrow and is almost always the same color as your skin.
These are lesions that grow around or under your nails (both fingers and toes). They may not cause discomfort during its initial growth but can be painful later once it starts growing on the nail bed.
Treatments for Warts
Here are various treatments you can choose from and these treatments are done with the help of doctors:
This process uses, in most cases, liquid nitrogen to freeze warts and remove them
Cantharidin is a chemical produced by blister beetles as their form of defense mechanism. It is highly toxic in its undiluted form but is known to have worked in treating warts.
Laser Wart Removal
It removes and destroys wart using a laser beam which can potentially create scars after the procedure.
In this process, warts are removed through excision with the use of a scalpel. Local anesthetics may be used to make the pain bearable.
This form of treatment will trigger the immune system of the patient to destroy the HPV and warts from the inside.
Electrosurgery with Curettage
Two procedures that work together to effectively remove visible warts. Electrosurgery burns warts with the use of electricity and curettage is a method that scrapes off the wart using a spoon-like tool with a sharp edge.
Wart Prevention Tips
There is no definite way of avoiding warts, but these tips will help you decrease the chances of acquiring HPV and growing warts:
- Never touch the warts of others.
- Refrain from biting your fingernails and the skin around it.
- Apply moisturizing cream when skin is dry.
- Do not share personal items like towels, socks, pumice stone and razors.
- Scratches and cuts must be cleaned with water and soap.
- Always wear footwear, especially when in warm and moist areas.
- Always wash your hands.